Vol. 1 No. 1




New York

September 1927

RK. ca ,

oe tie! Foe ye f a pr: Rene a Ne


iat HL Le


HIS new machine will stitch on

flanged covers to caddies, while same are in an upright position at the rate of from 20 to 25 per minute. Adjustments to any size or depth can be made quickly. The cost for wire (20x25) is less than 10c per thousand caddies.

This stitcher is but one of a complete line made by the H. R. Bliss Co., and like the rest, it costs no more to buy a Bliss than just an ordinary machine.

In many cases the first cost of a Bliss machine is actually lower than that of others, and in all cases its final cost is much lower.

t NEW YORK 50 Church St.

>) |HI.IR-B ae


Transportation Bldg.

SAN FRANCISCO 534 Battery St.

The certainty of performance, speed of operation, economy of upkeep, all combine to make Bliss machines the greatest value obtainable today.

Every Bliss design is the result of years of experience. Every machine is a thorobred in materials and workman- ship. The quality is of the rugged type so necessary for long life, freedom from trouble and low cost operation.

Have a Bliss engineer advise with you as to the type of equipment best suited for your purpose. He is anxious to serve you.

ISS ne



A September, 1927 | Modern Packaging

Pa, > is +

EG, U.$.PAT.| /OFF. Se a AS

Ask Us Another

Question: What kind of glue is the RIGHT KIND of glue?

Answer: The kind that is exactly (not probably) suited for your particular work.

Question: Is the RIGHT KIND of glue more expensive?

Answer: Positively no. The RIGHT KIND of glue will save you money and produce better results.

Question: Can the RIGHT KIND of glue be obtained anywhere? Answer: No. The RIGHT KIND of glue can’t be manufac-

tured except by an organization that has made a study of adhesives. We have been doing that for more than 41 years. We manufacture over 2,000 different kinds of adhesives,—each one a special product to suit a particular requirement.

Question: How can the RIGHT KIND of glue be obtained?

Answer: By telling us three things: (1) What kinds of con- tainers you use (cartons, cans, bottles, bags, barrels or shipping cases, etc.). (2) Whether your packag- ing requires labeling, wrapping or sealing. (3) What make of machines you use, if any.

The Arabol Mfg. Co.

Largest Manufacturers in the World of Adhesives for All Purposes

NEW YORK: 110 E. 42d St. CHICAGO: (Cicero) ILL. Ye

Vol. 1, No. 1 September, 1927


D. E. A. CHARLTON sf CHARLES A. BRESKIN Editor Business Manager


THE MAKING OF AN OuTSTANDING PAcKAaGE 13 THE DEVELOPMENT OF AUTOMATIC WrRaApP- By D. E. A. Charlton OD Sic acinns aids ca gene serene ecvetcens 27 By Alden French STANDARD SIZE AS AN Economy IN PacKac- 2 aa > ING 15 Cotor “TREenps IN PAGKAGING=®)....6< 6666.55. 29 By F.E: Hahn By F. J. Byrne EpImORTAL. COMMBNT. 205 0% 05d Ch eo bee eos 32 THE VALUE OF A Goop PACKAGE.......... 16 By Dr. Hans Piorkowski THROUGH THE WraApPING MACHINE ...... 34 By J. D. McCarthy STANDARDIZATION OF LABELS FOR ROUND a REpUGING- PACKAGING ‘COSTS: «© 66.05.6645 o0s 37 MINE Sis foto. oho ee om Ke ears 20 DispLAY CONTAINERS IN THE MERCHANDIS- weuaT Paercr PACKAGES? « ; <0 iéesusd cca 21 a ee eee 39 By C. E. Schaeffer By Edward O. Tinsley MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT ............ 41 FaNcy PAPERS AND THE ART OF THE PACK- ms 2 a 5 PRADR) (CATALOGS) Aare coisa aioe es cceers 46 ME ate Rah Se SIS ORE Re ee oe 25 By Harrison Elliott INDEX TO ADVERTISEMENTS. ....2 0.000003 8% 48


In presenting to readers the first issue of MODERN PACKAGING, an attempt has been made to exemplify and epitomize the aims and ideals of the publication in the front cover. This design was prepared under the direction of Mr, Arthur S. Allen, the “Dromedary” inset being reproduced from the original drawing by Mr. Rudolph Rusicka. The Publishers.

Published Monthly by Bresktn & CHARLTON PuBLISHING CORPORATION Offices: 11 Park Place, New York, N. Y. Telephone: Barclay 8689

Subscription prices: Domestic, $2.00 a year; 3 years, $5.00; 25 cents a copy; Canada, $3.00 a_year; Foreign, $4.00 a year. Make all checks payable to Breskin & Charlton Publishing Corporation. Copyright, 1927.

September, 1927

Modern Packaging

OR a good many years the Hills Brothers Company have depended on a battery of Reding- ton Cartoning Machines to pro- duce the enormous number of packages of Dromedary Dates that are consumed every year.

Many thousands of Payroll dol- lars have been converted to Profit dollars through their use.

The Hills Brothers Company are one concern of many produc- ing outstanding products who have found Redington machines

Payroll to Profit

completely dependable and profit- producing.

For thirty years the Redington organization has been accumulat- ing the experience that makes it possible for them to build ma- chines that meet any cartoning, packaging, wrapping or labeling condition properly and extremely profitably.

We have prepared a folder that we would like every producer of a packaged or wrapped product to have. It will tell you of the ma- chines that many well known manufacturers are using for car- toning, packaging, wrapping and labeling.

Please send for it.

F. B. Redington Co.


Cartoning—Packaging—W rapping—Labeling Machines

112-114 South Sangamon Street Chicago, U. S. A.

4 Modern Packaging September, 1927

Our reputation is founded on the principle of furnishing the correct, and most economical container for any given product. That is why we prefer to first study the characteristics of a product before proceeding to make containers for it. In this way, we obtain the information that will enable us to design the type of con- tainer best suited to the product and most eco-

~ nomical for the shipper.


} \ Interstate Corrugated Containers are, there-

ar be fore, a product of engineering design, each type es of which is developed to exactly fit individual : 7” requirements. As a result of this service to cor- rugated container users, the reputation of “In-

terstate Corrugated” is far flung and well estab-

lished. It is a reputation that is based on quality

and service, assuring customer satisfaction at et all times.

in ee Let us know of your require-

i HH Mm | ments, either present or pros- pective, and we shall be glad to go into the matter with you

ZA by. \\ Se




September, 1927

Modern Packaging



Pneumatic Automatic Packaging Equipment for every need and speed

ODERN merchandising has added another link to the chain of manu- facture. This link is Packaging. The completion of the product itself is merely the completion of a process in manufacture. Be-

fore such product is ready to market, it must be put into suitable containers.

A Four-Fold Packaging System

The “Pneumatic Packaging System” pro- vides for every packaging detail, insuring uni- formity, adequate speed, and continuous economical production.

This system is four-fold: first Planning; second Building; third Installing; and fourth Servicing.

Planning—Based upon Forty Years Experience

“Our Engineering Department” is more than a phrase. It comprises experts in every branch of automatic packaging for any dry, free-flowing material, liquid, or semi-liquid.

It draws upon: (1) forty years experience in designing packaging systems for thousands of products, and (2) active contact with pack- aging trends and tendencies throughout the world.

It is prepared to advise upon the type of package to be used: its design, shape, and capacity with relation to its contents and market.

It is equipped to plan a complete packaging system designed for your space and power, or to revise your present equipment to care for new products or packages.

Building—in the Largest and Most Complete Plant of its Kind

Now standardizing on forty major units, this company is in the best position to furnish automatic and semi-automatic packaging ma- chinery. The equipment furnished you is built to a plan based upon your needs, em- bodying mechanical refinements controlled by this company, and operating at 15, 30 and 60 or more containers per minute.

Installing—by Our Own Trained Experts

Your packaging equipment must operate perfectly under conditions obtaining in your plant. It is therefore our custom to install these machines for you. Our men do not leave your plant until thesemachines have indeed become a link in your manufacturing processes.

And Service—Rendered by an Organization that is World Wide

We service our machines. Not only do we train your operatives, but we promise to have our specialists on the ground whenever needed.

This personal service is backed by a com- plete system of replacement parts, each bear- ing its number, and always carried in stock for immediate shipment to any part of the world.

May We Co-operate with You?

We offer the services of our Engineering Department without charge.




September, 1927

6 Modern Packaging

From Perfumes to Pianos—from Bric-a- brac to Beds—Shippers who Care, Now Pack the Modern Way—with Kimpak

MERSON is credited with saying— ‘Build a better mouse trap, a e MERSON lited witl ying— “Build a bett use tr and the

“y world will beat a path to your door.” But we believe the developments of the past decade or so call for more than mere excellence in manufacture.

The demands of high speed production; widespread and rapid distribution; keen sales competition; a cultivated taste for more lux- uries, and refinement of appearance in neces- sities, all complicate the problem of perfect delivery. Better packages and better packing are natural by-products of the development.

Modern Packaging requires Modern Pack- ing. KIMPAK Crepe Wadding is a quality packing material—white, soft, clean, highly ab- sorbent and of absolutely dependable consist- ency in thickness and grade throughout. Used by foremost national advertisers for parcel post shipments of liquids because it is econom-

ical, attractive, exceeds postal requirements as an absorbent wadding, opens up without muss, easy to apply.

KIMPAK is ideal for packing tablets, cap- sules, ampoules and various pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, all sorts of bottled goods, scientific instruments, all fragile and highly polished specialties, large and small.

A trial sample will convince you. Perhaps the experience of one of our service men will assist you in improving your present put-up. Fill in the coupon TODAY with no obligations to you.

Softest, e Formerly safest T 8 known as packing 1 a Cellu packing


Crepe Wadding

ee TOI Rolls Sheets Pads


Wadding to test out “ee

By COCO 0 OHS SO DSS 60% 64% o's S ws MO wets 04'S 5 6H 0'0's. 4's 00 4S RD ( ) Pads

under actual conditions.

5 |

Ki b l -Cl 7 Mf : Address nearest Sales Office: etal tn A> | 208 So. LaSalle St., Chicago, mi. | | , | 51 Chambers St., New. York City

Gentlemen :—

le echt EE 064 ays hone kx’ eons eee aideaeaas saaeeae We are interested in: | e accept your offer ( ) Roll |

to send sample of | ‘_ ( olls KIMPAK Crepe PAMRQUESE C8 35's 5k Sake Rae oe st eeeee o* ( ) Sheets I | onl

September, 1927

Modern Packaging

The “Peters Package” has a continuous interfolded and inner-sealed protective lining which entirely envelopes the contents and makes a mois- ture proof, dust proof and odor proof housing, which guards the contents against all outside deleterious influ- ences. The package because of its simplicity, because of its sanitary and _ protective construction is a real factor in increasing package busi- ness. Consult us for new merchandising possibilities.





REATING the supreme in Quality is an Attainment.

When the method by which supreme quality is attained makes it cost no more to buy—and actually less to use—the result is a real achievement.

Recognition of this achievement by Peters is seen in the widespread use of Peters Packaging Machinery by leading manufacturers everywhere.

Take the Carton Forming and Lining Machine illustrated above. This ingenious device takes the carton blank and a superimposed sheet of paraffine, parchment, tin foil or other protective materia! and simultaneously forms them into an open receptacle, inter- folding the lining with the flaps so that they become an integral part of each other, and locks the tucking flaps into place. This forms a smoothly lined receptacle without any projecting edges or folds. The contents are readily inserted without disarrangement of the protective liner. No adhesive is used in assembling the carton.

As with all Peters Machinery, simplicity in construction and oper- ation means lower maintenance costs.

Fewer parts in motion require less power.

Multiple production—40 packages per minute—demands less labor and gives a steady flow of work. Being compact, it requires but little space.

The Peters line of packaging machinery not only lines and forms

cartons, but folds, closes, wraps and seals. It will pay you to in- vestigate this profit earning equipment.



Modern Packaging

September, 1927


Container End Stitcher

In almost every line » of industry

Procter and Gamble Company Soaps, “Crisco” National Biscuit Company Crackers, biscuits Stewart-Warner Speedometer Corp.

Auto accessories Essex Rubber Co. Rubber jar rings, specialties American Sugar Refining Co. Sugar Continental Can Company Tin cans Swift & Company Food products Hazel-Atlas Glass Company Bottles, lamp chimneys T. A. Snider Preserve Company Condiments, soups, canned goods Cleveland Macaroni Company Farinaceous products

you will find firms who know

American Tobacco Company Cigarettes, tobacco, cigars Hecker-Jones-Jewell Milling Co. Flour, cereals Illniois Pure Aluminum Co. Aluminum ware Government Printing Office Printed matter M. H. McElwain Company Shoes Bradley-Vrooman Company Paint, varnish Beatrice Creamery Company Butter Stickney and Poor Spice Co. Spices Simmons Company Metal furniture William Wrigley Company Gum

The Economies of the Monitor

Time and space are the most direct, noticeable saving from the use of the Monitor Container End Stitcher.

The Stitcher requires but four square feet of floor space, and can be located at the most convenient point for the delivery of cartons to packers. Folded cartons occupying but little space are stored along side the machine and Boxes can be stitched to meet require- ments.

The cost of stitching the bottom of cartons is exceedingly low, the chief item being wages of operator—man or girl—who can stitch from 1,500 to 3,000 cartons daily. Any Firm using 250 or more solid fibre or corrugated board boxes of any kind can use the Monitor with profit.

Let us give you the details concerning the economies the Monitor can effect in your packing room.


Builders of Wire Stitchers for Over 35 Years 1153 Fulton Street, CHICAGO

NEW YORK PHILADELPHIA BOSTON 461—8th Avenue The Bourse 531 Atlantic Avenue


“The Dress of a Handsome Box.”


In a selection of attractive colorings and designs offer a variety of very beautiful and fede © 6d i eo has


wae = Samples on request.

Manufactured by






September, 1927

Modern Packaging 9

olving Package Problems isa STOKESESMITH specialty



The S & S Automatic Carton Filling and Sealing Machine is made in 5 sizes and is suitable for any size carton. The material may be meas- ured by volume or weight, as desired. Almost any kind of material may be _ handled. Because of compactness and simplicity minimum

space is required.

minute. tight strong and has powerful advertising value.

S & S Package Wrapping Machine automa- tically “tightwraps” 40 to 60 packages per i The “tightwrapped” package is sealed, non-sifting, vermin proof,

cartens per minute.

The modern package must be more than a container. It should maintain and proclaim the quality of the goods. It should supplement and link together the vari- ous forms cf advertising and display. It should meet the following requirements:

1—Bright, full of cclor and distinctive in appearance, it encourages retail d'splay.

2--Tight and strong, it prevents sifting and crushing.

3--Automaticaily handled at about 60 packages per minute from empty shell to wrapped package. Speed is essential to economy.

4—Ready to pack as delivered by wrapper.

5—Advertising value is increased. Printing and colors show better when printed on paper than on cardboard and the printing is not obscured. The tight label stays on the package until the con- tents are used.

6—Protected frem air circulation and from change in moisture con- tent.


S & S Carton Filling and Sealing Machine bottom seals, fills and top seals 40 to 60 Takes regular printed cartons or plain unprinted cartons which are “tightwrapped” subsequently.

To have maximum sales and advertising appeal, the pack- age should be tight wrapped by a S & S Automatic Pack- age Wrapping Machine. The tight wrapped package con- sists of a plain carton to which is applied a _ paper wrapper spread with a thin coating of adhesive which adheres tightly at all points.

The S & S “Tightwrapped”

Adaptable for any product.

7—Convenient for retailer and for consumer.

8—Requires a minimum of shipping and storage space and gives a maximum of advertising space.

9—Preserves the excellence and individuality of its contents.

Does your package have the above advantages? Un- less it does you have a package problem to be solved. It may be that a slight refinement in the way the pack- age is wrapped may make a big improvement. Stokes and Smith Company have sclved package problems for many other manufacturers and this experience is at your disposal. Stokes and Smith engineers not only know the technical side but also the merchandising problems and the solving of both has built for Stokes and Smith Company an enviable reputation. Write for catalogs, samples or any further information de- sired. No obligation on your part.





So. - &.


Package is used for many nationally advertised prod- ucts, a few of which are pictured above.

Modern Packaging

———— ¢f 272-4.


HE big need of this

=a aay country today is psy- ay Vos chological the dis- eae Sas |

position to go ahead. We have a vast ability to pro- duce and consume the products of industry. Potentially, supply and demand are about evenly matched. The trouble is that people don’t demand enough to justify industry in doing its ut- most to produce.

The result is that a great amount of energy is spent in try- ing to get a lion’s share of exist- ing business—not enough is spent on trying to create the demand so there will be enough to keep everybody busy. All of which brings about a period of very keen competition. It means that everybody must work harder and accept less in order to overcome the resistance of a curtailed de- mand.

Demand is largely a created thing. The actual needs of people are but a fraction of the general demand. It is a simple matter to get along with less than one would like to have, so that when the public gets a streak

of economy the demand for everything produced is cur- tailed.

Advertising is a prime mover in creating business. It rouses people out of lethargy, makes them want to live more fully and to possess the means of liv- ing more comfortably and more enjoyably.

When sales are hard to get, those who have things for sale increase their efforts to sell. The harder they try to sell, the harder their competitors try to sell. But no amount of selling effort can create demand. It can only take advantage of the demand already created.

Advertising creates consumer demand. Selling connects this demand to supply.

MopeERN PackacINc reaches a substantial majority of those in- dustries where packaging is an important operation. Your sales message, effectively expressed in this publication can overcome the inertia of competitive sales efforts and actually create a de- mand for your product.

September, 1927

September, 1927

Modern Packaging

Some of the Styles Sizes Handled

2, —+fo—

oo a ae

This is an age of specialization. Twenty-eight years contact with labeling problems, specialization on just one thing, has developed the present Burt Automatic Labeler. This highly efficient machine, when sup- plemented by a Burt Mechanical In- spector and Caser, insures maximum savings in any labeling department. It eliminates at least two persons otherwise needed and does from 1/3 to 1/2 more work than is possible with a labeler alone.

Midwest Office, U

Burt Labelers installed at plant of Kirkman & Sons, Brooklyn, N. Y., manufacturers of soap, cleanser and allied products, have always given satisfaction and lived up to their reputation for continuous performance.

In our years of experience we have solved hundreds of labeling problems. This experience is at your disposal. If your container is round, be it tin, fibre or glass, if you use labels, per- haps we can save money for you, by improving on your old method or suggesting a new method. We know of no better way to earn money for our customers than to save it for them. Send for further details.


Sales Agencies: New York City,

564 W. Randolph St., Ogden, Utah, San Bet ch MACHINE ticcsec ash and Los Angeles, Calif., | COM PA NY iste 547






Modern Packaging

September, 1927

Ferguson Carton Sealing and Weighing Machine installed in the Cerzal Department of the Conti- nental Milling and Warehouse Co., Staten Island, N. Y. The machine weighs, fills and seals 60 packages per minute. A variety of products are packaged with the one unit.

Netting that Fxéa Profit,

Greater production

More accurate weights

Less men on the payroll

Commercially good packages These are some of the important things effected by a Ferguson Carton Sealing and Weighing Machine for the

Cereal Department of the Continental Milling and Ware- house Co., Staten Island, N.

The most conservative cost figures, based on experience with Ferguson Machines reveal substantial extra profit, after deducting for depreciation, interest, maintenance, etc.


aaa a



Machine be throwing away

Without their Ferguson this company would literally thousands of dollars a year. How much is improper packaging costing annually in your plant? A Ferguson engineer can help you discover this. His estimate will be conservative. He will help you pro- duce a better package—he will lower your unit cost—he will pave the way for that extra profit.

Ferguson Machines are in operation on such products as—

Coffee—Cereals—Su gar—-Flour—Salt Macaroni—Soap Flakes—Soap Powder Grass Seed—Bird Seed—Garden Seed—etc.

{sk for a demonstration end call for a Ferguson Engineer.



New York Office F.E.HUHN 25 BEAVER ST.


11 Park Place, New York, N. Y. Copyright 1927.

VOLUME ONE $2.00 FOR THE YEAR aaeuecus New York, September, 1927 oS A eee

The Making of an Outstanding Package

Color and Design of Utmost Importance in Planning “Dromedary” Packages. Linings, Car- ton Board and Machinery Used in Packaging Operations Required Careful Study


ILBERT AND SULLIVAN, ness, and particularly in the business A complete list of the products of ( : in their fanciful opera, ““Rud- of packaging, such is not the case. The Hills Brothers Company includes

digore’, include a song, the The importance of the package in dates, cocoanut, currants, raisins, citron words of which are to the effect that modern day merchandising is well ex- and orange and lemon peel, which are “it really doesn’t matter’. Irving emplified by the experience of The packed for the market in the familiar Berlin, too, while we are on the sub- Hills Brothers Company, New York. “Dromedary” package, and cocoanut, ject of popular ballads, combined a To them the package has been of sig- grape fruit, pimientos and cranberry similar feeling of indifference in one nificant concern; it has “mattered” sauce in tin cans. In the packaging of of his recent productions, ‘‘What Does and the development from the com- the second group, a label, similar in It Matter”. These theories may be pany’s earliest use of a package to the design to that of the package, is placed quite all right in melody but in busi- present day is an interesting one. on each can. The company’s main

After being filled “Dromedary” lined cartons are conveyed to closing machine (left center). At left, lining machine



factory is in Brooklyn, with four smaller plants in Florida, one in Geor- gia and another in Bridgewater, Mass. —a total of seven in all. All of the products of the first group are packed at the Brooklyn factory under the su-

pervision of H. Keyes Eastman. The History of A Design

The adoption of the present, char- acteristic “Dromedary” design used on the package represents an interesting transition from the standpoint of the design itself as well as a consideration of merchandising requirements. The buying public today demands not only consistently good products, but that those products be presented in attrac-

Well blended colors, dis-

tive form.

Modern Packaging

with more dryer to dry hard with the yellow, giving a sheen to the brown. Following the solution of that problem a new design was created which em- bodied the characteristics of the old packages with the newer ideas of package design. The present design is the work of Rudolph Ruzicka. Another problem that required study was that of obtaining the proper lin- ings for the packages used for the dif- ferent products. It will be noted in the subsequent descriptions of packag- ing operations that varying combina- tions of waxed and glassine paper are used in the wrapping of the products. Cocoanut oil is very penetrating, so that it was found desirable to use a glassine lining in the packages contain-

Waxed paper wrapping machines complete the package

tinctiveness and simplicity of design can go far in creating the desire to purchase on the part of the prospective customer. The original design used by this company is a far cry from that which now appears on the “Drome- Considerable experi- mentation also done before a standard specification for carton boards was found. It was realized that a difficulty existed in obtaining a stand- ard color in the inks as they appeared on the package, and experiments were made by Arthur S. Allen to get a yel- low which The de- sired result was obtained by getting a yellow ink, soft and slow drying, to print with the red on a 2-color press. This process was followed in 24 hours by the application of the brown ink

dary” package. was

was standard.

ing that product. In the packaging of dates, a wax paper is first used and that is followed by a wrapper of glassine before insertion in the pack- age.

A visit to the Brooklyn plant of the Hills Brothers Company offers an interesting study of a combination of hand and automatic packaging, due to the nature of the products handled. In both methods, cleanliness and dis- patch are evident and one is impressed with the careful planning that char- acterizes each operation. The first view the packaging of “Dromedary” cocoanut.

It is not within the province of this article to take into account the proc- esses of opening, shredding and desic- cating the cocoanut in the several op-


September, 1927

erations previdus to packaging. Suf- fice it to say that these are carried out in a manner which assures a uniform- ity and quality of product consistent with the high standards maintained by the company in the preparation of all of its products for the market. The prepared cocoanut, ready for packag- ing, is supplied to a battery of filling machines on the packaging floor, feed- ing through hoppers to the empty car- tons.

Cocoanut Packaging Entirely Automatic

In the packaging of the cocoanut two sizes, 14 lb. and Y, |b., are used and the operations in both are identi- cal. However, separate batteries of machines are utilized for each.

Printed, knockdown cartons stacked by an attendant in the reservoir of each cartoning machine and are fed automatically to an opening device which forms the carton. The bottom is then glued and dated and the carton passes by belt conveyor to a lining ma- chine which inserts a glassine liner. ‘This latter machine cuts and forms the liner from a continuous roll of pa- per, besides gluing the wrapper, side and bottom, before insertion in the car- ton. The cartons are then fed by belt to each of the filling machines men- tioned previously. The filling is per- formed by a girl who places the lined carton directly under the spout of the hopper which delivers the amount re- quired. The correct weight for the contents of each package is measured electrically.

The filled cartons pass along a belt to a closing machine where the pro- jecting liners are folded over and the covers tucked in. A continuation of the same belt carries the closed cartons to a wrapping machine where waxed paper from a continuous roll is cut to size and placed around each box. The package, heat sealed along the seam and ends, is now complete. Follow- ing this operation the packages are placed by hand in cartons, containing 12 packages each, and are sent by chute to a lower floor. Here the smaller cartons are packed in corrugated cases for shipment.

Packaging of the other products at the Brooklyn plant combine manual and machine methods. In the packag-


September, 1927

ing of “Dromedary” dates, for in- stance, the selection of the dates is made by girls who also arrange them in waxed paper wrappers. ‘These packets are then carried to a wrapping machine where a wrapper of glassine paper is added. A cartoning machine inserts the wrapped packet in the car- ton. Equipment Used


.Cartoning machines:

Scate Corp., Ltd.; F. B. Redington Co.

Lining machines: Pneumatic Scale Corp., Ltd.

Closing machines: Corp., Ltd.

Wax Wrapping machines: Nation- al Packaging Machinery Co.; Fergu- son & Haas, Inc., Package Machinery


Pneumatic Scale

This is the first of a series of articles which will deal with the packaging of nationally known products. The de- sign of the package, packaging opera- tions and other considerations of im- portance to those directly concerned with the work of prepating merchan- dise for distribution will be featured. —EpITor.

Bundling Wall Paper for Export

“We would like to have you fur-

nish us with information relative to bundling wall paper for export.” In reply to this inquiry a leading


done considerable export packing and

manutacturer reports: have our method is to pack approximately 400 rolls to a bale. baling machine specially imported for this purpose. Our method is as fol-

After plaéing the small bun- dles in the baling machines they are

We have a large


pressed in the smallest possible cir- cumference without breaking the rolls. While pressed they tied with heavy twine and a waterproof paper and burlap is sewn on the outside. This makes the bale waterproof. Another company supplies the fol- “Wall paper for export. is*packed either in bales ot cases. The cases are lined with waterproof paper and the bales are well wrapped with waterproof paper




and burlap.”

Modern Packaging


Standard Size as an Economy in Packaging

Change in Net Weight of Contents Permits Use of Package

Standardization for Certain Commodities Without Sales Losses



and household commodities was formerly of such small consequence that little paid to the standardization of packages. The result is that there so many different sizes employed at present as to interfere with packaging costs as well as the packages themselves. To-

attention was


standardize various commodities